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Clifford Chance

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Tech presents new challenges for businesses - including regulation, growing competition from start-ups and ethical issues raised by artificial intelligence. It affects all aspects of the law. Our experts provide joined-up advice on the impact of technology on antitrust and data; M&A and investments; intellectual property and litigation; AI and fintech; cyber and regulatory investigations.


Artificial Intelligence 

Artificial Intelligence and the future for legal services

Artificial intelligence (AI) is growing at a phenomenal speed and is now set to transform the legal industry. We are enthusiastic early adopters of AI and other advanced technology tools to enable us to deliver a better service to our clients. In this paper, we look at the current state of the market and explore how things will develop in the coming months and years. Read more.

Artificial Intelligence: How do we make smarter decisions?

Artificial intelligence is disrupting the business of law. In this podcast about digital transformation in the legal sector, Paul Greenwood, Clifford Chance's Chief Information Officer explains how predictive algorithms can help lawyers analyse vast quantities of data and assess legal risk faster and more precisely.




Data and privacy 

Scraping the barrel? Legal issues arising from data scraping

Why do you sometimes have to click those diagrams before you can log into a social media platform? Because the website wants to know you are a human – and not a bot looking to scratch its surface with a view to obtaining valuable data (a "data scraper"). Data scrapers extract, aggregate and combine data from various sources. Scraped data is then generally stored on a local system and used for different purposes such as recruitment, sentiment analysis, assessing credit risk, identifying trends, marketing and sales. Read more.

Facebook, data misuse and why it matters

As every news cycle brings further revelations about the alleged misuse of personal data by social media companies and political consultants, regulators, politicians and the public are more concerned than ever with what happens to information placed online, who has it and how it is being used. Read more.

Big Data, big opportunities, big privacy

Big data analytics and techniques are becoming critical in fields beyond advertising and marketing, such as artificial intelligence, fintech and biotech. We look at a new guide developed by the Australian information commissioner and key privacy considerations for businesses engaging in big data activities. Read more.


Digital assets and ICOs 

Cryptoasset enforcement - where are we at the end of 2018? What to expect in 2019?

In December 2018, Andrew Bailey, Chief Executive of the FCA, praised the enforcement action taken by the SEC in relation to ICOs and said that European regulators could learn from the SEC's strong interventions. The FCA is expected to consult on the regulation of cryptoassets early in 2019. In this briefing, we share data obtained from the FCA by freedom of information request relating to current cryptoasset investigations and analyse enforcement trends globally. Read more.



Fintech in Israel - an overview

Israel, with its expertise in technology such as big data analytics, artificial intelligence, blockchain and computer vision, has established itself as a global centre for fintech. Its relatively small size, the large number of startups and its reputation for entrepreneurship mean that it is an excellent testing ground for innovation. Israeli regulators, including the Bank of Israel and the Commissioner of the Capital Markets, Insurance and Savings (CMIS), have expressed the view that technology is key, and a number of regulatory changes are coming into effect or being explored to further boost the market. Here we describe the latest regulatory developments and what we are likely to see next. Read more.

Regulating investment and lending-based crowdfunding: Best practices

This Report contains an analysis of the current regulatory framework for lending-based and investment-based crowdfunding platforms in the following countries: Austria, Dubai, France, Germany, the UK and the U.S. and recommendations for best practices for the regulation of lending-based and investment-based crowdfunding platforms. Read more.

Fintech in 2018 - Five trends to watch

We have only just begun to scratch the surface when it comes to the impact of technology on financial services but that small abrasion is revealing. We are making five bold predictions for the future of fintech – from how banks will re-imagine themselves, to where risks may arise and contaminate the financial system, and what the regulators may focus on. Read more.


Smart contracts 

Are Smart Contracts Contracts?

Will smart contracts prove that the future of contract lies in machine executable software code-agreements, or are they rather an unhappy hybrid, neither smart, nor contracts? Read more.