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Clifford Chance

Clifford Chance

China's Belt and Road Initiative

China's new global trade route linking Asia, Africa and Europe

China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was launched by President Xi in 2013 and is an ambitious plan to recreate China's historic Silk Road and maritime trading routes connecting Asia, Africa and Europe.

Its focus is on infrastructure including railways, power stations and roads. It covers 74 countries, accounting for two thirds of the world's population and one third of GDP.

Belt and Road: How can PPPs help?

The Belt and Road initiative seeks to restore China’s old trade routes into other parts of Asia, Europe and Africa, while boosting economic activity and connectivity within a vast region encompassing more than 74 countries, two thirds of the world’s population and one third of global GDP. Read more about how PPPs can help.

Shanghai-London Stock Connect: What do Chinese companies need to consider?

Shanghai-London Stock Connect – a stock exchange trading link – will allow investors to more easily trade depositary receipts representing shares cross-border and is a signal that the Chinese government is keen to increase foreign access to its financial markets. Read more about what Chinese companies need to consider. Read more in Chinese about what Chinese companies need to consider.

English Law and International Arbitration for China's Belt and Road

Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) projects involve complex contractual arrangements with numerous parties including investors, financiers, consultants and advisers, construction contractors and government or state-owned enterprises. Many projects are both politically and technically challenging. Investors potentially face political instability, project delays, cost overruns and possibly, in the worst case, even project abandonment. With a myriad of different legal and regulatory systems potentially involved in cross-border infrastructure projects, the risks of disputes arising are real. Read more about English Law and International Arbitration for China's Belt and RoadRead more in Chinese about English Law and International Arbitration for China's Belt and Road.

Belt and Road: Dispute Resolution from a Chinese Perspective

Since its launch in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has driven billions of dollars’ worth of ambitious infrastructure projects across nearly seventy countries. As the level and scope of outbound investment increases, Chinese companies are now giving careful thought to dispute resolution. Read more about dispute resolution from a Chinese perspective.

Belt and Road: Investing in the Caspian Region

Standing at the crossroads between Asia and Europe, the Caspian region has a key part to play in China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The governments of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Georgia, in particular, are actively courting Chinese investors and Chinese finance in relation to a range of domestic and cross-border transportation, energy and information infrastructure projects. Read more about investing in the Caspian Region.

Belt and Road: Private Investment Funds

When the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was first announced in 2013, no one in the private sector was really sure what it meant and what opportunities would become available. Now there is a much clearer picture and we are seeing a significant degree of interest in BRI-related financial commitments, investments and projects. Read more about private investment funds.